1. estahban university 2. esahban university 3. estahban university 4. dr.soroori laboratory
Urinary tract infection is one of the most common infections, mainly due to the presence and growth of microorganisms in the urinary tract. the antibiotic resistance pattern of this infection varies in different areas. the aim of the present study is to identify the bacterial etiology causing infection and susceptibility pattern as well as antibiotic resistance in patients referred to valiasr hospital in kazeroon and dr. soroori laboratory in darab.
In this study, during the period of 8 months (since 23 sep 2017 until 21 may 2018), urine samples were collected among 5414 and 1192 referred individuals of suspected urinary tract infections in valiasr hospital of kazeroon and dr. soroori laboratory in darab, respectively. antibiotic susceptibility test was performed by laboratory standard method after isolation and determining infection etiology.
Among 5414 samples in kazeroon, the results of urine culture of 2670 individuals were positive; 64 men and 2606 women. among 1192 samples in darab, the urine culture of 721 individuals was positive; 8 men and 721 women. the most common isolated bacteria were escherichia coli and epidermidis in darab and saprophyticus in kazeroon. based on antibiogram results in kazeroon most susceptibility was norfloxacin and most resistance were gentamicin.and kotrimoksazol , according to antibiogram results in darab, most susceptibility belonged to ciprofloxacin and cefixim and most resistance belonged to gentamicin and vancomycin.
Considering the obtained findings gentamicin , had the most resistance and norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin had the most susceptibility. therefore, gentamicin is not a suitable medicine for treatment.