Salmonella gastroenteritis from symptoms to treatment

Zahra Mobin,1,* Daniyal afrazeh,2

1. Young Researchers and Elite Club,Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
2. Young Researchers and Elite Club,Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran



Background: salmonella is a group of bacteria that can cause food poisoning. food poisoning occurs when food or water contaminated with microbes, poisons or chemicals is eaten. generally, food poisoning leads to gastrointestinal infections (gastrointestinal tract), which is called gastroenteritis. the food which is not cooked well and food products such as meat, eggs, and milk which are not properly stored in the refrigerator may be contaminated by this bacterium


The collection of information is from sites and scientific articles


Salmonella is a common cause of food poisoning. in most cases, there are no serious symptoms. however, in certain groups of people, these symptoms may be more serious, such as children, the elderly, those whose immune system does not work well (for example, cancer patients, those with long-term treatment, steroids, aids patients, etc). since the disease is contagious, it is possible to become epidemic in places such as nursing homes. symptoms of this illness include diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fever, and abdominal contractions. sometimes diarrhea can be bloody. symptoms appear 12 to 72 hours after infection. in most people, symptoms are mild and resolve within 4 to 7 days without any particular treatments


Most people with salmonella do not require treatment. symptoms usually will be improved after a few days because their immune system takes time to get rid of the infection. nowadays, a vaccine is used to prevent the spread of salmonella, especially from eggs.


Salmonella, food poisoning, symptoms, treatment