Probiotics, introduction and usages

Morteza Rabiee lalehdashti,1,* Hanieh roudabadi tanha,2 Amir arasteh,3 Salman ezzati,4

1. Islamic Azad University
2. Islamic Azad University
3. Islamic Azad University
4. Islamic Azad University



It has been known for many years that the digestive system performs many functions for human health and hosts a variety of microbes. there are products in various forms of food- pills and capsules that are developed to be specifically for animals even pets. if we know probiotics we also accept good bacteria because they have a spread role in strengthening the immune system. what is probiotic? probiotic is a live-food supplement that produces positive effects on the host by producing inhibitor compounds- competing with pathogens- regulating the microbial balance of the digestive tract and etc. probiotics micro-organisms: the bacteria are classified into two general categories of lactobacillus and bifidobacterium which still has subgroups. according to numerous studies, lactobacillus-bifidobacterium and saccharomyces bulllardii have the greatest impact and the least harm. why probiotics were a factor for health? probiotics have long been proven to have no side effects and have high resistance. also the ability to compete with pathogens attachment to epithelial cells-create balance in the intestinal microflora-suppress inflammation and anti-cancer effects and generally strengthen the immune system are the benefits of probiotics. probiotics in the gastrointestinal tract: in the human digestive system, there are many beneficial bacteria called microbial flora. the probiotic is a member of a group called synbiotic. synbiotic is referred to as probiotic and prebiotic. probiotic is derived from the greek word for per bios and unlike antibiotics which means (antivital) biotic means life. mechanism of probiotics effects: lactic acid bacteria which include lactobacillus-bifidobacterium and streptococcus compete with pathogens by converting glucose to acid lactic and creating an acidic environment. types of probiotics: probiotics are divided into three categories: dairy-nondairy and pharmaceutical products. dairy products include yogurt-ice cream- cheese-and nondairy include soy milk and herbal drinks. the third group is the probiotic drugs. kidi lact) contain seven strains of probiotics and special for the immune system of children. kidi lact zinc) a synbiotic compound with zinc sulfate. its features are gastroenteritis treatment-immune boost-bone growth-skin-hair and nail health in children. pedi lact) an oral drops of synbiotic. helps eliminate digestive problems in infants. vita lact) it contains a high level of three useful types of probiotics-a variety of vitamins and necessary salts. vitamins help metabolize in the body. this product improves digestive disorders and strengthens the immune system. daily test) improving the symptoms of gastroenteritis- helicobacter pylori eradication-improving ibs symptoms and skin and hair health and dental health are the usages of this product. lactocare) a synbiotic that is used to provide a better immune response. seven strains of bacteria-along with prebiotic and oligosaccharide. what is the lactocare superiority to other compounds? given the fact that seven strains and three bacterial families are used a widespread efficacy of probiotics can be observed.


According to studies by researchers lactocare has no side effects and can be consumed in all ages and there are no drug interactions with any groups. for examples in a meta-analysis-that included four studies the relationship between probiotics and diarrhea was investigated. in another study tolerate and treatment of patients with chemotherapy was supplemented with lactobacillus in the terms of the frequency of diarrhea. in another study probiotics were studied for the treatment of constipation. also in another study the effectiveness of probiotics in the treatment of ibs was studied.


In the first study it was found that probiotics reduce the length and frequency of diarrhea. in the second study the frequency of chemotherapy-induced diarrhea was reduced by the use of lactobacillus. also abdominal pain decreased. in the third study consumption of four to twelve weeks of probiotics improved the symptoms of constipation and stool consistency. in the fourth study taking one to six months of probiotics reduced the symptoms of ibs.


Probiotics have been considered for many years ago and now they have vast usage in our life and health. our body is full of beneficial bacteria that the synthesis of vitamin k is just one of their advantages. so in order to strengthen the immune system and in general we must use probiotics to maintain our health according to age.


Probiotics, ibs, synbiotic, digestive system, microflora