Self efficacy in diabetic patients

Haniye Jafardokht bonjar,1,* Parvane sarani aliabadi,2 Nazanin yousefian miandoab,3 Mahdi khodadadi darin,4 Mahla sargazi,5 Saied farzan,6

1. Nurse Student, Young Researcher Club member, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
2. Lecturer, Department of Medical- Surgical Nursing, Facully of Nursing and Midwifery ,Islamic Azad University, Zahedan Branch, Zahedan, Iran
3. Instructor of Medical Surgical Nursing School of Nursing and Midwifery Community Nursing Research Center Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, zahedan , Iran
4. Nurse Student, Young Researcher Club member, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
5. Nurse , khatam AL Anbiya hospital, Zahedan, Iran
6. Nurse Student, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran



Self-efficacy made possible ability to understand patient from conditions and factors influencing health and he/she can decide to improve health and to enforce it. this study was aimed to determine the self-efficacy and related factors in diabetic patients.


In this cross-sectional study, that was done randomly in diabetic patients referred to diabetes center, information were collected using demographic and questionnaire containing 15 questions about efficacy of glycemic control and correction, proper selection of food, foot examination, exercise and weight control. the validity and reliability assessed and data collected and enter to stata software and were analyzes using t.test, χ2 and logistic regression.


The mean age of the 600 participating patients was 52.1±14 years. 57.3% was women and 42.7% male. the most common complications in sexes were visual complications. the mean of self-efficacy score was 54.9±14.3. 47.6% of participants had low self-efficacy. low self-efficacy in those who had lower education was 2.7 against individuals who had higher education (or=2.7; ci: 1.25-4.15), also, low selfefficacy in people who have had complications, 1.9 vs. those who did not have complications (or=1.9; ci: 1.25-2.55). self-efficacy was inverse relationship with age and direct relationship with knowledge.


according to results, it’s be necessary identifying the factors associated with the self-efficacy to interventions and appropriate policy on this disease and the need for more training programs to enhance self-efficacy.


self-efficacy, related factors, diabetes