The impact of medicinal plants on primary dysmenorrhea

Kolsom Salehi,1,* Fatemeh kazemi navaei,2 Seyedeh zahra mirzaki,3 Mohadeseh seifi,4

1. Islamic Azad University, Babol Branch,Babol,Iran
2. Islamic Azad University,Babol Branch,Babol,Iran
3. Islamic Azad University,Babol Branch,Babol,Iran
4. Islamic Azad University,Babol Branch,Babol,Iran



Background and objective: primary dysmenorrhea refers to the painful menstrual cramps without pelvic pathology. its cause is the increased production and secretion of prostaglandins from endometrium during menstruation. studies have been conducted in this regard due to the high prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea in reproductive age as well as its potential impact on the quality of life of young women and girls. this study has been conducted aiming to investigate the impact of traditional medicine and medicinal plants on primary dysmenorrhea


Search method: the information used for this review paper was searched from the mag iran, sid, google scholar and pub med databases using the keywords of traditional medicine, medicinal plants, primary dysmenorrhea and treatment. out of 35 related published papers from 2007 to 2017, 19 papers with the most relevance to the studied subject were used in writing this review


Results: given the positive impact of traditional medicine such as medicinal plants on primary dysmenorrhea and the well-known complications of chemical drugs, these plants may be used to treat the patients with primary dysmenorrhea and enhance the quality of life of women and girls of reproductive age.


Conclusion: the results obtained from most of the conducted studies revealed that medicinal plants studied in this research such as sideritis, fenugreek, valerian, ginger, aloe vera gel, wheat germ, fennel, echinophora and cinnamon had anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties as well as a beneficial impact on relieving the primary dysmenorrhea pain without any side effects.


Keywords: traditional medicine, medicinal plants, primary dysmenorrhea, treatment